Fill Missing Precipitation Data with Artificial Intelligence (Python Keras) - Tutorial

Python-Keras.png

Evaluation of hydrological processes as evapotranspiration, runoff, routing and infiltration require data as precipitation, flow, temperature and radiation on a daily basis. Required data for the hydrological modeling need to be accurate and must be completed over the period of study. Many times historical data from hydrological stations are incomplete and present many gaps that can be filled by the use of Artificial Intelligence tools as the Keras library in Python.

This tutorial show the procedure to run a complete script for the filling of missing precipitation in one station by the use of data from 2 nearby stations. The Python script is done on a Jupyter Notebook.

 

Tutorial

 

Code

This is the complete code for the tutorial:

get_ipython().magic('pylab inline')
import pandas as pd
import numpy as np
TodasEstaciones = pd.read_csv('Est1_Est2_Est3.csv',index_col=0,parse_dates=True)
TodasEstaciones.head()

TodasEstaciones.loc['2014-11-01':'2015-03-31'].plot(subplots=True, figsize=(12, 8)); plt.legend(loc='best')
xticks(rotation='vertical')

import datetime
#we create a date column to extract the week number
TodasEstaciones['date']=TodasEstaciones.index
#apply a lambda function to the whole panda dataframe column
TodasEstaciones['week'] = TodasEstaciones['date'].apply(lambda x: x.isocalendar()[1])
#drop the date column because we dont need it
del TodasEstaciones['date']
#let see our dataframe
TodasEstaciones.head()

#creation of a correlation plot with seaborn
import seaborn as sns
corr = TodasEstaciones.corr()
sns.heatmap(corr, 
            xticklabels=corr.columns.values,
            yticklabels=corr.columns.values)

#Definition of training sets
X_train = TodasEstaciones.loc['2015-01-20':'2015-03-27',['Est1','Est3','week']].astype(float32).values#,'week']] # Est 1, 3 and #week
y_train = TodasEstaciones.loc['2015-01-20':'2015-03-27','Est2'].astype(float32).values # Est 2

# Import `StandardScaler` from `sklearn.preprocessing`
from sklearn.preprocessing import StandardScaler

# Define the scaler 
scaler = StandardScaler().fit(X_train)

# Scale the train set
X_train = scaler.transform(X_train)

X_train[:20]

from keras.models import Sequential

from keras.layers import Dense

model = Sequential()

model.add(Dense(12, activation='linear', input_shape=(3,)))
model.add(Dense(8, activation='linear'))
model.add(Dense(1, activation='linear'))
model.summary()

model.compile(loss='mean_squared_error',
              optimizer='adam',
              metrics=['accuracy'])
                   
model.fit(X_train, y_train,epochs=200,verbose=0)

y_pred = model.predict(X_train)
y_pred[:10]

plot(TodasEstaciones.loc['2015-01-20':'2015-03-27'].index,y_pred,label='Predicted')
TodasEstaciones['Est2'].loc['2015-01-20':'2015-03-27'].plot()
figsize(12,8)
ylim(0,40)
legend(loc='best')

#Get the prediction for the train set
X_missing = TodasEstaciones.loc['2014-11-23':'2015-01-11',['Est1','Est3','week']].astype(float32).values

# Import `StandardScaler` from `sklearn.preprocessing`
from sklearn.preprocessing import StandardScaler

# Define the scaler 
scaler = StandardScaler().fit(X_missing)

# Scale the train set
X_missing = scaler.transform(X_missing)

y_missing = model.predict(X_missing)
y_missing = y_missing.reshape([50]).tolist()

TodasEstaciones['Est2_Completed']=TodasEstaciones['Est2']
TodasEstaciones['Est2_Completed'].loc['2014-11-23':'2015-01-11']=y_missing

TodasEstaciones.loc['2014-11-01':'2015-03-31',['Est1','Est2','Est2_Completed','Est3']].plot(subplots=True, 
                                                   figsize=(15, 10)); plt.legend(loc='best')
xticks(rotation='vertical')
ylim(0,50)

 

Input Data

You can download the input data here.

Saul Montoya

Saul Montoya es Ingeniero Civil graduado de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú en Lima con estudios de postgrado en Manejo e Ingeniería de Recursos Hídricos (Programa WAREM) de la Universidad de Stuttgart con mención en Ingeniería de Aguas Subterráneas y Hidroinformática.

Smiley face

Subscribe to our free e-newsletter for tutorials, articles, webminars, courses and more.