This example problem is adapted from the MODFLOW documentation and use to demostrate the use of MODFLOW with Model Muse. The model is implemented without parameters and uses the LPF Package. The model decribes a regional aquifer setup with acuifers and aquitards with the interaction of many boundary conditions as recharge, evapotranspiration, constant head and wells. Groundwater flow simulation was done on steady state conditions.Read More
Based on the review from our followers, we have noticed that the download procedure to download images from the NASA and USGS web servers had changed. It is not clear the current method to download the selected files, even if you have your username and password set up correctly. Luckly there is an alternative way to download those files with QGIS and the Semiautomatic Classification Plugin (SCP). This tutorial covers the whole procedure to sign up, select, previsualize and download a Landsat 8 in QGIS with the SCP Plugin.Read More
The design of hydraulic structures need the comprehension of water and structure interaction in terms of level, speed, sediment transport, among others. It is important for the hydraulic structure design to take into account the extreme events of flow, pressure and speed, therefore the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling becomes essential in the design stage. OpenFOAM is an open source software for the simulation of flow in steady and transient states; this software allows us the simulation of the hydraulic response from an specific requirement in laminar and turbulent flow conditions, flow velocity calculation, and determination of static and dynamic pressures.Read More
The current availability of strong open source GIS software together with remote sensing data and specific data products as high resolution precipitation and evapotranspiration makes possible the assessment at global scale on short processing time of certain parts of the water cycle. Water surplus is the difference in between precipitation and actual evapotranspiration, that can be translated to the difference in between IMERG imagery (precipitation) and MOD16 imagery (actual evapotranspiration). This raster algebra calculation could be implemented in open source software as QGIS with a set of specific procedures as reprojections, temporary files and raster calculators. This tutorial deal with the water surplus calculation for a andean basin for year 2015.Read More
QGIS is a open source software for spatial analysis and data representation. There are many tools from QGIS for the hydrological/hydrogeological evaluation and modeling. This time we have made a tutorial with the whole procedure of the download process for a AsterDEM only on the extension of an area of study. The DEM was later reprojected on QGIS and processed to get the channel network and drainage basins. The tutorial has the purpose to show how simple is the process of working with QGIS and Processing.Read More
Modflow with Model Muse are a powerful set of softwares developed by the USGS for groundwater modeling. Model Muse is very handy when working with GIS files but sometimes there are some specific requirements about the hydrogeologic features to conceptualize. This time we have prepared a tutorial about the multiple well configuration on a regional groundwater model. The tutorial deals with the model construction and configuration of 182 pumping wells on a 84km x 54km area in the north of Mexico.Read More
Model Muse is a software for the pre and post data processing of hydrogeological 3D model in MODFLOW. Both Model Muse and MODFLOW are developed by the USGS (usgs.gov). Model Muse is designed to work with objects and datasets, a powerful model construction methodology that allows the quick setup of boundary conditions, a simple way of progressive refinement and interesting features as inserting geological fractures on the numerical model.
This tutorial show the whole procedure for the conceptualization of several fractures based on some known fracture information as a point on the fractures, the azimuth and elevation. The tutorial deals with the theorethical determination of the fracture plane equation, the construction of a dataset with the desired equation plus the implementation of object that represents the fracture with the relevant hydrogeological features.Read More
Groundwater flow modeling depends on GIS data, and its output is compatible with a sort of GIS tools. In order to do analysis or representation from contaminant transport modeling it is needed a sort of commands, formats, tools and plugins from a stack of programs as ModelMuse and QGIS.
This tutorial is not only a example of water quality representation, it is as well a discussión on the main parts of modeling construction and simulation.Read More
Model Muse and QGIS makes possible to deal with geological data for the groundwater flow model cocntstruction. A diverse group of tools are required to process and insert geological features as contacts or faults. This tutorial show the whole procedure from the ground up to build the model geometry and insert a geological contact as the interfase within two layers.Read More
To carry out a series of studies and investigations we have to know both name and location of certain places. This may be available through some web pages, however the use of data is limited and advance geoprocessing tools on softwares as QGIS can not be used. There are several services or APIs that can bring you the spatial location of Google searches. In this tutorial we will use the Google Maps API for the location of Hospitals in a radius of 5 kilometers from a point in Miraflores, Lima. Only open source software tools have been used for this tutorial.Read More
The processes of the superficial and groundwater water cycle are related to the precipitation (shape and intensity) and the dynamic of soil moisture. This dynamic of soil moisture is determined by the type of soil and the root zone in a daily, or even hourly, temporal scale. These phenomena have not been considered or studied in conventional hydrogeology text books, maybe because of their intensive use of modeling tools and complex conceptualizations and validations.Read More
While talking with some friends interested in deep aspects of the environmental impacts assessment, they asked me about ecohydrology and opportunities to specialize in that area. As a numerical modeller of groundwater flow I understand the need to evaluate relevant aspects of the soil cover and the root zone, of course these were concepts acquired in practice since I was not trained in this. I write this article to help people evaluate a Master programme, PhD. programme or any postgraduate study in ecohydrology based on my perspective of the conjunct understanding of vegetation processes and the water cycleRead More
Soil erosion is the movement of the upper soil layers caused by processes related to water or wind. Soil erosion can occur slowly on the surface, however, soil alterations caused by human activity can increase this rate in 10 to 40 times. The evaluation of soil erosion is important to estimate the impact of human activities and the planning of remediation plans.
This article introduces the Landlab environment, which is developed in Python, as well as a practical example of soil erosion modeling on slopes over time.Read More
The problems and challenges in water resources management, the environment protection, risk prevention and many subjects related to the human activity require transmitting data in a practical and updated way. The web maps are a good solution since many of these data are associated to a location and the Internet is a great tool available for many. The development of web maps is relatively new but necessary to implement for many uses like data diffusion, the understanding of problematic and decision making.Read More
GRIDGEN is a program developed by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) to create unstructured grids to be used in numerical models such as MODFLOW-USG.
The use of unstructured grids has advantages, like the capacity of refining specific areas. However, its design and manipulation is more complicated than in structured grids. The most complex step is the creation of input data, specifically the ones related to cell connectivity. For this reason, GRIDGEN is an useful tool that helps to simplify the process.Read More
The preservation of air quality requires the characterization and evaluation of impacts produced by point sources that emit contaminants and its interaction with wind, climate conditions and zone geometry. Current evaluation tools as AERMOD only offer 2D evaluation with Gaussian dispersion, while the nature of air contaminant dispersion is a 3D phenomenon with thermodynamic components and interactions with terrain geometry.Read More
Our current working conditions require access to spatial information in short periods of time. Work planning tasks or quoting of services require data of distances, areas, proximities, medium elevations, among others. The data can be given by clients, organizations or by field monitoring, but they may not be available at the required moment. The use of geoprocessng tools of satellite imagery reduces the required time to have this information. Since QGIS is open source and the Landsat, MODIS and Aster images are free, this type of geoprocessing is versatile, economic and friendly for any user with basic/intermediate QGIS knowledge.Read More
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) has just released a new MODFLOW version: MODFLOW-6. This one comes with new functionalities to make it easier to create input files and perform simulations. Among the downloaded MODFLOW-6 files, there is an executable file to convert MODFLOW-2005 files to the new MODFLOW-6 format. In this tutorial we will show you how to do this.Read More
QGIS is a powerful and user friendly GIS software. The user can represent points and style them according to the measured values. This tutorial deals with the legend representation on map canvas for a better geospatial data analysis.
Legend representation is done with just 6 lines of code on PyQGIS, the Python tool of QGIS.