How to obtain a Basin, Channel Network and Flow Accumulation from a Digital Elevation Model with no sinks in SAGA GIS and QGIS 2.18 – Tutorial

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A basin is defined as a topographic region in which all water drains to a common area. Identifying basins within a study area can be beneficial for land and water management because priority areas can be defined and the hydrology of the area can be visualized. Delimiting a basin can be done by using Geographic Information Systems such as QGIS and SAGA GIS. To do so, a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) is required since the drainage network is determined by the elevation and slope of the terrain. This tutorial demonstrates how to reproject a DEM raster in QGIS, how to fill the sinks of a DEM, to calculate flow accumulation, to obtain the channel network and the basin limits with SAGA GIS based on the DEM using the Upslope Area interactive tool.

 

Tutorial

 

Methodology

A DEM will be uploaded to SAGA GIS. The model is from the state of Tlaxcala Mexico, previously downloaded from the EarthData by NASA website on this tutorial.

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Then, the SAGA-GIS will be used, starting with the Fill Sink (Wang & Liu) module. This module uses an algorithm proposed by Wang & Liu to identify and fill surface depressions in digital elevation models (SAGA-GIS).

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After the sinks are filled, the accumulated flow will be calculated by using the Flow accumulation (Top-down) module. Top-down processing of cells for calculation of flow accumulation and related parameters. This set of algorithms processes a DEM downwards from the highest to the lowest cell (SAGA-GIS).

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Next, the channel network will be obtained by using the Channel Network Module. The module derives said network based on gridded digital elevation data (SAGA-GIS).

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The basin limits will be obtained by using the UpSlope Area (Interactive) module. A random point within the study area will be selected and a basin will be created. This module allows you to specify target cells, for which the upslope contributing area shall be identified (SAGA-GIS).

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Finally, the obtained basin will be converted to a shapefile in QGIS. The polygonize tool will be used to complete this task. The tool allows us to convert raster files to vector files.

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References

SAGA-GIS, Module Channel Network, consulted on 06/04/2018,  

http://www.saga-gis.org/saga_tool_doc/2.2.0/ta_channels_0.html

SAGA-GIS, Module Fill Sinks (Wang & Liu), consulted on 06/04/2018,  

http://www.saga-gis.org/saga_tool_doc/2.1.3/ta_preprocessor_4.html

SAGA-GIS, Module Flow Accumulation (Top-Down), consulted on 06/04/2018,

http://www.saga-gis.org/saga_tool_doc/2.2.4/ta_hydrology_0.html

SAGA-GIS, Module UpSlope Area (Interactive), consulted on 06/04/2018,

http://www.saga-gis.org/saga_tool_doc/2.2.1/ta_hydrology_3.html

Saul Montoya

Saul Montoya es Ingeniero Civil graduado de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú en Lima con estudios de postgrado en Manejo e Ingeniería de Recursos Hídricos (Programa WAREM) de la Universidad de Stuttgart con mención en Ingeniería de Aguas Subterráneas y Hidroinformática.

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